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2014 Integrated Orchard Management Guide for Commercial Apples in the Southeast

By Jim Walgenbach, Steve McArtney, Keith Yoder

Pest management and cultural recommendations for the commercial production of apples in North Carolina and surrounding apple-growing regions in Alabama, Arkansas, South Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee.

A Family Forest: A Planning Guide to Protect, Enhance and Manage Private Forestland

By Rick Hamilton, Bill Edwards, Joe Folta

This publication helps you envision what your forest can be and directs you to the professionals who can help you get there. Wildlife, recreation and aesthetics, protecting soil and water quality, managing a forest for timber and creating a family forest plan are covered.

Aphids in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack, Aurora Teonnisson

This factsheet describes aphid biology and management in strawberries.

Botrytis cinerea (Botrytis fruit rot or Gray mold on Strawberry)

By Frank Louws, Garrett Ridge, Jean Harrison

Botrytis rot, or gray mold as it is often called, is a serious disease in all strawberry production areas and is a disease of concern in most years. The disease is a problem not only in the field, but also during storage, transit, and marketing of strawberry fruit, due to onset of severe rot as the fruits begin to ripen. Other parts infected by the fungus include leaves, crown, petals, flower stalks, and fruit caps. Crown rot is discussed elsewhere. Disease is most severe during bloom and harvest in seasons with lengthy periods of cloud and rain complemented by cool temperatures.

Carmine Mites in Stawberries

This publication covers carmine mites in strawberries and their impact in North Carolina.

Corn Earworm in Strawberries

This publication covers the corn earworm in strawberries and its impact in North Carolina.

Crickets in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack

This factsheet provides information on crickets and their impact on North Carolina strawberries.

Cutworms in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack, Aurora Teonnisson

This factsheet describes the biology and management of cutworms in strawberries.

Cyclamen Mites in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack, Aurora Teonnisson

This factsheet describes the biology and management of cylamen mites in strawberries.

Fire Ants in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack

This factsheet provides information on the red imported fire ant and its impact on North Carolina strawberries.

Flower Thrips in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack, Aurora Teonnisson

This factsheet describes the biology and management of thrips in strawberries.

Forages for North Carolina: General Guidelines and Concepts

By Miguel Castillo, Paul Mueller, Jim Green

This publication is an overview of forage species and their use in livestock production systems in North Carolina.

Integrated Pest Management Peanut Scouting Manual

By Michael Linker, David Jordan, Rick Brandenburg

This scouting manual will help growers identify peanut pests and determine whether the number of pests is likely to decrease yield and cause profit losses greater than the cost of treatment. Topics covered include scouting for pests; insects; weeds; leaf, root, limb and pod diseases; seed and seedling rots; nematodes; and wilt virus.

Leafrollers in Strawberries

This publication covers leafrollers in strawberries and their impact in North Carolina.

Sap Beetles in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack, Aurora Teonnison

This factsheet describes sap beetles and their impact on North Carolina strawberries.

Slugs in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack, Aurora Teonnisson

This factsheet describes slugs and their impact on strawberries.

Spittlebug in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack, Aurora Toennisson

This publication describes the spittlebug and its impacts on the North Carolina strawberry crop.

Sugarcane Beetle in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack

This factsheet provides information on the sugarcane beetle and its impact on North Carolina strawberries.

Tarnished Plant Bug in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack, Aurora Toennison

This factsheet describes tarnished plat bugs, also known as lygus bugs, and their impact on strawberry crops.

Twospotted Spider Mites in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack

This factsheet provides information on the twospotted spider mite and its impact on North Carolina strawberries.

Whiteflies in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack

This factsheet provides information on whiteflies and their impact on North Carolina strawberries.

2014 North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual

2014 North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual Introduction

By College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

This manual, updated every year, covers pesticide use and safety information, chemical application equipment, fertilizer use, insect control, chemical weed control, plant growth regulators, animal damage control and disease control.

Abbreviations

By N.C. State University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

This publication lists abbreviations used in the North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual.

Animal Damage Control

By Christopher Deperno

This publication explains control measures that can be taken due to animal damage of crops.

Chemical Application Equipment

By G.T. Roberson

This publication covers cleaning and calibrating chemical application equipment, such as dusters, spreaders and sprayers.

Chemical Weed Control

By Wesley Everman, Alan York, David Jordan

This publication covers chemical weed control and weed response to a variety of crops.

Disease Control

By Steve Koenning, Barbara Shew, Mina Mila

This publication covers disease control in a variety of crops.

Fertilizer Use

By Carl Crozier, Deanna Osmond, Jim Dunphy

This publication offers fertilizer suggestions for a variety of crops, including field, pasture and hay crops, tree fruit, small fruit, ornamental plants and vegetable crops.

How to Send Specimens for Disease, Insect, and Weed Identification

By Barbara Shew

This publication explains how and where to send specimens for disease, insect and weed identification.

Insect and Disease Control of Fruits

By Jim Walgenbach, K.S. Yoder, Hannah Burrack

This publication covers insect and disease control in apples, blueberries, caneberries, grapes, peaches, pecans and strawberries.

Insect Control

By David Tarpy, Dominic Reisig, Jack Bacheler

This publication covers insect control in a variety of crops, as well as household pests.

Pesticide Use and Safety Information

By Wayne Buhler

This publication describes restricted-use pesticides, the safe use of pesticides and evaluating the potential for groundwater contamination.

Plant Growth Regulators

By Keith Edmisten, Katie Jennings, Steve McArtney

This publication explains plant growth regulators for a variety of crops.

Disaster Preparedness

A Disaster Kit for Staying at Home

By Sarah Kirby, Benjamin Chapman

This publication covers the supplies you will need at home in the event of an emergency or disaster.

Caring for Your Pets in an Emergency

Making arrangements for your pets should be part of your household disaster planning. If you must evacuate your home, it’s always wise to take your pets with you. Although trained service dogs are allowed in emergency shelters, other pets are not allowed due to public health and safety reasons. You need to have other plans for your pets. Advance planning is essential; it could save a pet’s life.

Coalition Formation - How to Create a Coalition on Disaster Recovery before a Disaster

By Sarah Kirby

What is a coalition and how can It help? A disaster recovery coalition is an organization of concerned citizens that advocates for services, policies and programs to accomplish specific goals that impact disaster recovery and prevention. A coalition monitors, analyzes and mobilizes community efforts. A local coalition may assume several roles.

Correct Potential Hazards before a Disaster

By Sarah Kirby

During and right after a disaster, any household item that can move, fall, break, or cause a fire becomes a home hazard. To minimize possible danger, inspect your home now to find and correct potential hazards.

Evacuating Safely

This publication covers the supplies needed for an evacuation due to an emergency or disaster, as well as a checklist of things to do before leaving your house.

Evacuation Disaster Kit

This publication covers the supplies you will need for a lengthy stay in a shelter during an emergency or disaster.

Foods That Require No Cooking

This publication covers a variety of foods that can be prepared even if there is no gas or electricity for cooking.

Helping Your Family Prepare before a Disaster

By Sarah Kirby, Karen DeBord

Don’t be reluctant to talk with your family about the possibility of a hurricane, fire, tornado or flood. Thought and action before the disaster hits usually helps family members react wisely. Families that work together to prepare for the problem will cope better than those who do not take precautions.

Hurricane Preparedness

By Sarah Kirby, Wilma Hammett

The key to surviving a hurricane is preparation. This factsheet takes you through the thought process of what needs to be done before a storm so that you are prepared.

Ideas for "No-Cook" Food Bags

This publication offers a list of food items that do not need refrigeration and are good choices to keep on hand for emergencies or in an evacuation kit.

If You Don't Leave - Establishing a Safe Place

This publication covers what do if you stay at your house during an emergency or disaster.

Meal Preparation and Food Safety after a Power Failure

By Angie Fraser

This publication explains how to safely prepare food when you have no power.

Myths and Facts about the National Flood Insurance Program

This publication clears up misconceptions about federal flood insurance and the National Flood Insurance Program.

National Flood Insurance Programs

This publication offers some information about the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

Protecting Valuable Records

By Sarah Kirby

Many people assume that floods, storms, hurricanes and other disasters happen to someone else, and many people postpone taking care of family papers. But protecting family papers prepares you to deal with natural disasters. This factsheet helps you to determine what papers you should worry about protecting.

Purchasing a Back-Up Generator for the Farm

This publication contains important information and safety tips regarding gasoline-powered generators to be used in an emergency or disaster.

Should You Buy Flood Insurance?

This publication discusses the National Flood Insurance Program, as well as a flood insurance policies from insurance companies.

Storm Safety in High-Rise Buildings

This publication covers storm safety for managers and residents of high-rise buildings before and during a hurricane.

Tornado Preparedness

This publication covers how to spot a tornado, where to go during a storm and tornado survival rules and tips.

Tornado Safety for Schools

This publication offers information to safeguard children at schools during a tornado.

Tornadoes

This publication offers information on preparation for tornado season in North Carolina.

Traveling Safely by Car in an Emergency

This publication offers a checklist of items to ensure your car is in working order in the event of an evacuation during an emergency or disaster.

Disaster Recovery

Avoiding Tobacco Curing Losses Due to Electrical Failures

This publication for tobacco growers describes steps that can be taken to avoid or minimize tobacco curing losses due to an electrical outage.

Choosing a Contractor

By Sarah Kirby

This publication offers tips on choosing a contractor for home repairs after an emergency or disaster.

Cleaning Flooded Upholstered Furniture, Curtains, Bedding, Table Linens and Other Household Textiles

By Sarah Kirby, Wilma Hammett

This publication covers important information about cleaning household textiles after a flood.

Controlling Damage in Pesticide Storage Facilities on the Farm

This publication for farmers covers the guidelines to deal with pesticide storage facilities that may have been damaged by a flood or other disaster.

Dealing with Potential Moisture Problems after a Flood

This publication covers potential moisture problems in attics, crawl spaces and walls after a flood or other disaster.

Dealing with Snakes after a Storm

This publication offers tips to deal with snakes, both indoors and outdoors, during the recovery process of a flood or disaster with strewn debris.

Eliminating Odors from your Refrigerator

This publication offers tips to rid your refrigerator of odors after an extended loss of power due to an emergency or disaster.

Flood-Damaged Furniture

This publication discusses how to possibly restore furniture, including antiques, damaged by floodwaters.

Handling and Cleaning Up Damaged Pesticide Containers at Home

This publication offers guidelines if a recent storm resulted in water damage to a pesticide container in your home.

Heat Stress Disorders

This publication offers safety tips and first aid procedures to prevent and treat heat stress disorders that may occur during clean-up after a hurricane or other disaster.

How to Salvage Flood-Damaged Appliances

This publication covers items to consider when trying to salvage flood-damaged appliances.

Kitchen Cleanup after the Flood

This publication covers steps to take to clean up your kitchen after a disaster or emergency.

Livestock and Poultry Buildings after the Flood

By James Barker, Gerald Baughman, Robert Bottcher

This publication offers a checklist for farmers to ensure the safety and security of poultry and livestock, as well as the buildings that house them, after a flood or other disaster.

Priorities for Cleanup & Repair

This publication offers a list of steps to take for cleanup and repair of your home following a disaster or emergency.

Reconditioning Flood-Damaged Farm Equipment

By Gary Roberson

This publication offers information how to recondition farm equipment that has been submerged in floodwaters.

Reconditioning Flood-Damaged Tractors

By Gary Roberson

This publication offers information on how to clean and recondition tractors that have been submerged in floodwaters.

Returning Home after a Disaster

This publication offers tips to people returning to their homes and communities after evacuation during an emergency or disaster.

Water-Damaged Carpets and Rugs

This publication offers general guidelines for cleaning or replacing flood-damaged carpets and rugs.

North Carolina Pest News

Volume 29 , Number 1 , April 11, 2014

The first 2014 issue of North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to fruit and vegetables, ornamentals and turf, and residences, structures and communities. The newsletter includes information about strawberry clippers, ambrosia beetles, cankerworms, Eastern tent caterpillars, kudzu bugs, bees, wasps, termites, mosquitoes, and ticks.

Volume 29 , Number 2 , April 18, 2014

The second 2014 issue of North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to field and forage crops, fruit and vegetables, ornamentals and turf. The newsletter includes information about tobacco, vegetable diseases, scales, and boxwood leaf miners.

Volume 29 , Number 4 , May 2, 2014

The fourth 2014 issue of North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to field and forage crops, ornamentals and turf. The newsletter includes information about cotton thrips, tobacco insects, mites, aphids, and fire ants.

Volume 29 , Number 5 , May 9, 2014

The fifth 2014 issue of North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to field and forage crops and ornamentals and turf. The newsletter includes information about tobacco insects and scale eggs.

Volume 29 , Number 6 , May 16, 2014

The sixth 2014 issue of North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to field and forage crops, fruit and vegetables, and ornamentals and turf. The newsletters includes information about cotton thrips, corn insects, tobacco insects, Lecanium scale crawlers, and bagworms.

Volume 29 , Number 7 , May 23, 2014

The seventh 2014 issue of North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to field and forage crops, fruit and vegetables, and ornamentals and turf. The newsletters includes information about cotton thrips, kudzu bug, tobacco insects, gummy stem blight on watermelon, daylily leafminer, cottony maple leaf scale, and ocellate gall midge.

Volume 29 , Number 8 , May 30, 2014

The eighth 2014 issue of North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to field crops, and ornamentals and turf. The newsletters includes information about cotton thrips, thrips in tobacco, tobacco scouting, hawthorn lacebugs , elm leafminer, and woolly elm aphids.

Volume 29 , Number 9 , June 6, 2014

The ninth issue of the North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to field crops, fruit crops, and ornamentals. The newsletter includes the insect scouting report in tobacco and articles about moths that may be found in grape root borer traps, ambrosia beetles in perennial fruit crops, gloomy scale, and crepe myrtle aphids.

Volume 29, Number 10, June 13, 2014

The tenth issue of the North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to field crops, fruit crops, and ornamentals. The newsletter includes the tobacco scouting report and articles on stink bugs in corn, potential insect problems on seedling soybeans, curcurbit downey mildew outbreak in southeastern North Carolina, scale on wax myrtle, and aphids on roses.

Volume 29, Number 11, June 20, 2014

The eleventh issue of the North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to to field and forage crops, fruit and vegetables, and ornamentals and turf. The newsletter includes information on the tobacco insect scouting report, Section 18 approval for dinotefuran for control of brown marmorated stink bug in North Carolina, flowers impact bee foraging in blueberries, control options for cucurbit downy mildew in North Carolina, potato late blight outbreak in eastern North Carolina, flea beetle, and columbine leafminer. Light trap data for Lenior County is also included.

Volume 29, Number 12, June 27, 2014

The twelth issue of the North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to to field and forage crops, fruit and vegetables, ornamentals and turf, and residences, structures and communities. The newsletter includes information on plant bugs, budworms, cucurbit downy mildew, hibiscus sawfly, Japanese beetles, beneficial leaf cutter bees, and mosquitoes and diseases. The tobacco insect scouting report for NC and light trap data for Lenior County is also included.

Volume 29, Number 13, July 3, 2014

The thirteenth issue of the North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to to field and forage crops, and ornamentals and turf. The newsletter includes information on the tobacco insect scouting report, stink bugs, plant bugs, peanut disease contol programs and advisories, southern rust, imported leaf willlow leaf, and a new pest, a psyllid, on pittosporum. Light trap data for Lenior County is also included.

Volume 29, Number 14, July 11, 2014

The fourteenth issue of the North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to to field and forage crops, fruit and vegetables, and ornamentals and turf. The newsletter includes articles on the impact of corn earworm in Bt corn, recommendation on not tank mixing insecticides over tasseled corn, worms in early season soybeans, soybean rust, comparing southern rust of corn with Asiatic soybean rust, approval (Section 18) of bifenthrin for control of brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) on apple, peaches and nectarines, the use of predatory mites in strawberries, tomato late blight, bees and neonicotinoids, and the maple spider mite. The tobacco insect scouting report and the light trap data for Lenior County is also included.

Volume 29, Number 15, July 18, 2014

The fifteenth issue of the North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to to field and forage crops, fruit and vegetables, and ornamentals and turf. The newsletter includes information on plant bugs in cotton, southern corn rust, common rust, potato leaf hoppers on maples, plant hoppers, leaf hoppers, frog hoppers, and tomato spotted wilt virus in chrysanthemum. Some retailers will soon require vendors to label plants that have been treated with neonicotinoid insecticides. Insect light trap data for Edgecomb and Lenior Counties is also included.

Volume 29, Number 3, April 25, 2014

The third 2014 issue of North Carolina Pest News covers topics related to fruit and vegetables, ornamentals and turf, and residences, structures and communities. The newsletter includes information about spotted wing drosophila, fruitworms, rose sawflies, azalea lacebugs, and juniper scale crawlers.

Plant Disease and Insect Clinic Factsheets

Phylloxera on Hickory and Pecan

Phylloxera are aphid-like insects that feed on the developing leaves of pecan or hickory and cause the galls to form. The galls are green at first, but gradually turn brown and crack open. Unless they are extremely abundant, the galls represent no danger to the overall health of hickories or pecans.

Safe and Healthy Homes

Carbon Monoxide

The publications addresses the dangers of carbon monoxide and provides ways to protect families from harm or death related to carbon monoxide.

Home Safety for Young Children

By Sarah Kirby

This publication addresses common home safety hazards for young children and remedies for these hazards.

Strawberry Abiotic Disorders

Frost damage

By Rocco Schiavone

Frost injury described and frost prevention strategies provided.

Fumigant injury

By Rocco Schiavone

Fumigation related injury of strawberries is described with fumigant management and corrective measures provided.

Hail Damage

By Rocco Schiavone

Hail damage is described.

Herbicide injury 2,4-D(broadleaf weed killer)

By Rocco Schiavone

2,4-D herbicide injury described and management provided.

Herbicide injury -Clopyralid(Stinger)

By Rocco Schiavone

Clopyralid herbicide injury of strawberry is described and management provided.

Herbicide injury -Dicambia(broadleaf weed killer)

By Rocco Schiavone

Dicambia broadleaf weed killer injury is described.

Herbicide injury -Flumioxazin(Chateau)

By Rocco Schiavone

flumioxazin herbicide injury is described.

Herbicide injury -Glyphosate(Roundup)

By Rocco Schiavone

Glyphosate injury is described.

Herbicide injury -Gramoxone(Paraquat)

By Rocco Schiavone

Gramoxone herbicide injury is described.

Herbicide injury -Oxyfluorfen(Goal)

By Rocco Schiavone

Oxyfluorfen herbicide injury is described.

Herbicide injury -Terbacil(Sinbar)

By Rocco Schiavone

Terbacil herbicide injury is described.

Poor Pollination

By Rocco Schiavone

Poor pollination is described and management provided.

Strawberry Boron (B) Deficiency

By Brian E. Whipker

Boron deficiency of strawberries is described and corrective information provided.

Strawberry Boron (B) Toxicity

By Brian Whipker

Boron toxicity symptoms are described and management options discussed.

Strawberry Calcium (Ca) Deficiency

By Brian E. Whipker

Calcium deficiency of strawberries is discussed.

Strawberry Copper (Cu) Deficiency

By Brian E. Whipker

Copper deficiency of strawberries is discussed in this guide.

Strawberry Iron (Fe) Deficiency

By Brian E. Whipker

Iron deficiency symptoms and corrective procedures for strawberries are discussed.

Strawberry Magnesium (Mg) Deficiency

By Brian E. Whipker

Magnesium deficiency of strawberries is discussed.

Strawberry Manganese (Mn) Deficiency

By Brian E. Whipker

Manganese deficiency of strawberries in discussed in this guide.

Strawberry Molybdenum (Mo) Deficiency

By Brian E. Whipker

Molybdenum deficiency of strawberries is discussed in this guide.

Strawberry Nitrogen (N) Deficiency

By Brian E. Whipker

This guide describes symptoms of nitrogen deficiency in strawberries.

Strawberry Phosphorus (P) Deficiency

By Brian Whipker

Phosphorus deficiency of strawberries is discussed.

Strawberry Potassium (K) Deficiency

By Brian E. Whipker

Potassium deficiency of strawberries is described.

Strawberry Sodium (Na) Toxicity

By Brian E. Whipker

Sodium toxicity of strawberries is discussed in this publication.

Strawberry Sulfur (S) Deficiency

By Brian E. Whipker

Sulfur deficiency of strawberries is discussed in this fact sheet.

Strawberry Zinc (Zn) Deficiency

By Brian E. Whipker

Zinc deficiency of strawberries is described in this guide.

Sunburn

By Rocco Schiavone

Sunburn of strawberry is described.

Wind Damage

By Rocco Schiavone

Wind damage of strawberry is described.

Winter Injury

By Rocco Schiavone

Winter injury/cold injury is described and management provided.

Strawberry Diseases

Anthracnose Fruit Rot of Strawberry

By Frank Louws, Garrett Ridge, Jean Harrison

Anthracnose is an important disease of strawberry with all parts of the plant (fruit, crowns, leaves, petioles and runners) being susceptible to the disease. Disease control is difficult when environmental conditions are favorable for disease development (see predisposing conditions below) and if inoculum is present. The disease can be especially destructive to susceptible California strawberry cultivars (e.g. Chandler, Camarosa, Albion) when grown on black plastic.

Strawberry insects

European Corn Borer in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack

This factsheet describes the biology and management of European Corn Borer in strawberries.

Garden Symphylan in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack

This factsheet describes the biology and management of garden symphylan in strawberries.

Other Drosophila species in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack

This factsheet describes the biology and management of native drosophila species in strawberries.

Spotted wing drosophila in strawberries

By Hannah Burrack

This factsheet describes the biology and management of spotted wing drosophila in strawberries.

Strawberry clipper weevils in strawberry

This factsheet describes the biology and management of strawberry clipper weevils in commercial strawberry production.

Strawberry Crown Borer in Strawberries

By Hannah Burrack

This factsheet describes the biology and management of strawberry crown borer.

Strawberry rootworm in strawberry

By Hannah Burrack

This factsheet describes the biology and management of strawberry rootworm beetles in strawberries.

Vegetable Pathology Fact Sheets